David Kirkpatrick

April 16, 2008

Molecular movie stars, stem cells and quantum computing

Nice roundup from KurzweilAI.net today.

First up is nngews on a more accurate method for creating movies of molecular and biological processes

Keeping with the biology theme is a breakthrough for treating heart damage with stem cells.

Finishing the group is a bit about progress toward a quantum computer.

Movies of biological and chemical molecules made for first time
KurzweilAI.net, April 16, 2008Argonne National Laboratory scientists have developed accurate techniques for making movies of actual biological and chemical molecules for the first time.


X-ray movie reveals movement of DNA molecule

Biological and organic molecules in solution are far more complex than the standard crystalline structures of salt or metals since they are constantly moving and changing over time.

Using the high-intensity X-rays at the Advanced Photon Source, the scientists have measured images that are blurred by these motions and used computer processing algorithms to create more accurate movies of the molecular motions.

Source: Argonne scientists develop techniques for creating molecular movies

 

Molecule prompts blood stem cells to help repair heart damage in animal model
PhysOrg.com, April 15, 2008University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center researchers used drug-treated blood stem cells to repair heart damage in an animal model.

They screened about 147,000 molecules to find one that could transform human blood stem cells into a form resembling immature heart cells. When they implanted blood stem cells activated by this compound into injured rodent hearts, the human cells took root and improved the animals’ heart function.

 
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Toward a Quantum Internet
Technology Review, April 15, 2008Northwestern University researchers have build a quantum logic gate–a fundamental component of a quantum computer–within an optical fiber, using entangled photon pairs.

The gate could be part of a circuit that relays information securely, over hundreds of kilometers of fiber, from one quantum computer to another. It could also be used on its own to find solutions to complicated mathematical problems.

 
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